Přemysl Otakar II. Square
It ranks among the most beautiful squares in the Czech Republic. It is square-shaped and 1 hectare large, and is surrounded with Baroque burgher houses with arcades. In the middle of the square stands thebaroque Samson’s Fountain from the 18th century, decorated with a statue of Samson fighting with a lion,. Close to the fountain there is a so-called “erratic block“ in the paving where gallows used to stand in the Middle Ages.
Historic Town Hall
The current appearance of the most significant building on Přemysl Otakar II Square resulted from a reconstruction in 1730. Its front is richly decorated and on the parapet there are larger than life statues of the four virtues - Wisdom, Caution, Courage and Fairness.
The hard-to-miss city landmark which reaches a height of 72 metres was the tallest structure in the city until recently. In the past it was used as a bell-tower and watchtower. Its gallery offers a beautiful view of the whole city and its immediate vicinity. The tower boasts 5 bells of which the largest is called Bumerin (from the year 1723 – weight nearly 3.5 tonnes) and the youngest is called Budvar (from the year 1995). Close to the tower there is St. Nicolas Church from the 17th century built in the Baroque style.
A charming, quiet place full of history, where the oldest buildings in the town can be found, the Dominican monastery with the Church of the Blessed Virgin’s Sacrifice from the year 1265 – the oldest surviving monument in the city;, the so-called White Tower, adjoins the monastery from the other side, and the architecturally remarkable building of a former armoury and salt-warehouse.
This picturesque street boasts not only plenty of burgher houses but also a precious Gothic log house which has survived from the 15th century. At the end of this street is Rabenštejn Tower from the 14th century, which used to be incorporated in the town fortification system.
The town fortification system
Remains of town walls and some towers – the semicircular Otakarka Bastion or the so-called Železná panna (Iron Maiden) Bastion, which was allegedly used as a torture chamber – have survived near the Malše River and the cut-off meander of the Vltava.